Thursday, May 21, 2020
For centuries, individuals that were apprehended by the police did not know that they had rights when being arrested. Past cases like Miranda v. Arizona helped shaped policies on the debates on basic human rights when being arrested. A police officer must have substantial reason to arrest you and read you your Miranda Rights. Specific actions, like traffic stops or a law enforcement official marching up to you and inquiring you questions are not defined as police custody. If you feel as though something you say will harm your case more than help you, then just remain silent. Once law enforcement authorities begin inquiring questions that may suggest entanglement in a crime an investigation has initiated (Howard Rich, (2006). In theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Miranda had been identified by several other women, one stating that Miranda had robbed her at knife point. The police informed Miranda that he had been identified by the women. Miranda was taken into custody and interrogated by the police for two hours prior to confessing to the crimes. Miranda made a statement in writing that he was making the confession voluntarily and with complete awareness of his constitutional powers.Ã¢â¬ At the same time of the interrogation, law enforcement authorities did not inform Miranda about his Fifth Amendment protection opposing self-incrimination of his Sixth Amendment right to an attorney. The case went to trial in an Arizona state court and the prosecutor used the confession as documentation in opposition to Miranda, who was convicted and punished to 20 to 30 years in prison. Miranda s attorney petition the Arizona Supreme Court, which sustained the conviction. Then he petitioned to the United States Supreme Court, which agreed to hear it along with four similar cases. In taking the case, the court had to figure out the role law enforcement authorities have in defending the rights of the indicted, protected by the Fifth and Sixth Amendments.Ã¢â¬ Although officers initiated that Miranda was not aware of his constitutional powers to have an attorney present and that no attorney was present, Miranda s confession was introduced into evidence. This case recommended th at individuals
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the title of the paper the priority references facts and challenges caused by countries. The recurrence of disasters Gunnar Kuepper relates with planet management. Gunnar Kuepper devotes the first 10 sections to facts and challenges. In the last section, and in each section, the author forecasts the troubles in the future. Each of the sections references words to connect one with another. The sections include world population, economy, disaster costs, global health, climate change and global warming, environmental issues, water crises, education and employment, migration, science and technology, and outlook. Each section builds from the previous section. The sections part priority into messages of the magnitude, importance andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Global Health referred as life expectancy, high and low mortality, high and low fertility, public health issues, sanitation, nutrition, human health and development, hygiene, waterborne diseases, global epidemic, emerging virus, SARS, and H5N1 virus. Climate change and Global warming appears as CO2 emissions, carbon emission, average global temperature and maximum temperatures. Environmental Issues are referred as air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, loss of vegetation, deforestation, desertification, non-renewable mineral resources, soil desegregation, soil erosion, and overgrazing. Water Crises appears as mass consumption, drinking water, inadequate water, shrinking water, quantity of water available, fresh water, contaminated water, and water. Education and Employment appears as illiterate, read and write, unemployment and underemployment. Migration variations include south to south migrants, south to north migrants, massive internal and transnational migration, slum dwellers, illegal settlements, these grounds, territorial fragmentation, internal displacement, communities and perilous locations. Science and technology appears as subsequent progressions, commercial use of nuclear power, nuclear power plant, Methylisocynanate, cloning, genetic clones, andShow MoreRelatedResearch Design: a Content Analysis1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesResearch Design Content analysis is a process in which narrative data are divided into units of analysis to examine the contents of a particular body of material for the purpose of identifying patterns, themes or biases (Leedy and Ormrod, (2005). Further, qualitative content analysis has been defined in other ways such as: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬Å"a research method for the subjective interpretation of the content of text or [narrative] data through the systematic classification process of coding and identifyingRead MoreA Research Study On Lesbian Families And Lesbian Survivors Of Intimate Partner Violence Essay1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesqualitative feminist content analysis of the websites for the services available in the Ottawa area. In doing so, I will be able to see if the services offered consider the unique experiences of lesbian survivors. Finally, I will conduct semi-structured interviews with lesbian survivors of violence that have contacted services in Ottawa to see how they felt the services addressed their needs. Methods For the purpose of my thesis two methods will be used, a qualitative feminist content analysis and feministRead MoreIdentifying The Perceived Destination Image Of New Zealand1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesZealand as revealed in the travel blogs by Chinese tourists who have already visited the country. The approach used here differs from the traditional types of methodology such as interviews and questionnaires, but instead this study adopted a content analysis approach. A thorough literature review was first conducted at the beginning of this study in attempt to understand what information is already established in regards to destination image and what is important to Chinese tourists when they areRead MoreCom37065312 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesCONTENT ANALYSIS OF CREATIVE CONCEPTS PAGE DECLARATION 2 1 MAIN RESEARCH ISSUE 3 2 RESEARCH CRITERIA 3 3 EXTENT OF RESEARCH ISSUE 3 4 POPULATION 4 5 ASSUMPTIONS/SUB-ISSUES 4 6 GOAL/OBJECTIVE 5 7 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 5 8 THEORETICAL APPROACH 5 9 RESEARCH DESIGN 8 10 DATA COLLECTION 10 11 DATA ANALYSIS 13 12 QUALITATIVE FINDINGS 17 13 CONCLUSION 27 14 SELF ASSESSMENTRead MoreGoodfellas - Content Analysis1121 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyG2VKnUK4w Goodfellas Ã¢â¬â Club Scene content analysis Camera and Editing The scene starts with a close up of two characterÃ¢â¬â¢s hands exchanging a set of car keys. Then the camera zooms out into a very brief establishing mid shot, showing three characters: two men and a woman. The main character, Henry Hill joins the woman, and the camera starts to track them from behind. They go down into the clubÃ¢â¬â¢s basement, skipping the queue and walk through, what appears toRead MoreContent Analysis : Using Content Based On The Impressions Of A Reader Essay1447 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages3.4. Magazine Analysis The researcher selected the 10 samples for analysis purpose from the month of June 2103 to month of July 2014. (1) 2013 Ã¢â¬â June, (2) 2013 Ã¢â¬â July August, (3) 2013 Ã¢â¬â September October, (4) 2013 Ã¢â¬â November, (5) 2013 Ã¢â¬â December 2014 January (6) 2014 Ã¢â¬â February March, (7) 2014 Ã¢â¬â April, (8) 2014 Ã¢â¬â May (9) 2014 Ã¢â¬â June (10) 2014 Ã¢â¬â July The content analysis is a method. The content has different aspects for summarising Read MoreContent Analysis : Using Content Based On The Impressions Of A Reader Essay1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfor analysis purpose from the month of June 2103 to month of July 2014. (1) 2013 Ã¢â¬â June, (2) 2013 Ã¢â¬â July August, (3) 2013 Ã¢â¬â September October, (4) 2013 Ã¢â¬â November, (5) 2013 Ã¢â¬â December 2014 January (6) 2014 Ã¢â¬â February March, (7) 2014 Ã¢â¬â April, (8) 2014 Ã¢â¬â May (9) 2014 Ã¢â¬â June (10) 2014 Ã¢â¬â July The content analysis is a method. The content has different aspects for summarising any form of the content by counting. This analysis helpsRead MoreAnalysis Of Sara Content Analysis Approach1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages 6. How were the data then analyzed? What procedures were used? (pgs. 88-89) The data were analyzed with the SARA content analysis approach. This approach involves constant comparison, multisource and multipass strategies, and triangulation of data sets for more robust findings (86). Audiotape recordings, researcher observations and intentional debriefings after each focus group were used to document the focus group sessions. The researchers constructed themes and dimensions in an attempt toRead MoreContent Analysis Of The Media1150 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThere are numerous sources in which an individual can obtain information about current events happening around the world; some produce content strictly on the pretense of political affiliation, while others attempt to establish a more neutral footing, and others are simply more credible than others. Only four examinations will be necessary to prove this, however: The New York Times, the New York Post tabloid, the Richmond Times Dispatch, a local newspaper centered in Virginia, and finally the TelegraphRead MoreCEOs Letter: A Content Analysis1416 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCEOÃ¢â¬â¢s Letter A content Analysis -Shivendra Sirohi A companyÃ¢â¬â¢s Chief Executive Officer (CEO); is the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s highest ranking corporate officer. CEOÃ¢â¬â¢s letter to the shareholders and associates are used enormously in the decision making process by investors. In a way it provides working and the ideology of a company. However, according to the facts, these
The research questions were clearly stated with both dependent (9 point Rickart scale questionnaire) and independent variables (large v average sized containers and stale v fresh popcorn) identified. Study was a randomly controlled trial, 2 x 2 between-subjects design. Participants were randomly given either a 120 gram or a 240 gram container of pre-weighed, fresh or stale popcorn to eat while viewing the movie; after the movie the containers and remaining popcorn were re-weighed to determine measures of consumption; participants were also required to complete a 9-point Rickart scale questionnaire in order to measure perceived taste and to write a description of the in order to measure palatability of the popcorn, and to write a description of this palatability and whether they considered the size of the containers as having any impact on the amount they consumed. We will write a custom essay sample on Bad Popcorn In Big Buckets or any similar topic only for you Order Now Location: Philadelphian cinema Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ËStargateÃ¢â¬â¢ movie. Subjects: 158 viewers of the movie, 57. 6% male; fresh popcorn Ã¢â¬â average-sized containers: n=38 and larger-sized containers n=40, stale popcorn Ã¢â¬â average container: n=39 and large container, n=40; means and ANOVA results (analysis of variance) indicated that participants in each randomized sample were comparable in age (28. 9, 30. 4, 29. 0 and 27. 2 years of age, F=0. 465, P0. 20), and gender mix (57%, 60%, 62%, 54% male, chi-square = 0. 522, P0. 20. Findings: regression coefficients show that those given fresh popcorn ate 45. 3% more from large containers (85. 6 vs 58. 9 grams, F1, 76=38. 6, P,0. 01) The size of container proved to have compelling influence on consumption, which was higher for both fresh and stale popcorn (45. 3% and 33. 6% respectively) when eaten from the large containers, even when regarded as unpalatable (disliked) by participants (50. 8 vs 38. 0 grams, F 1,77=8. 73, P. 0. 01). Fresh popcorn however, procured a larger increase in consumption than the stale (F1, 154=7. 42, P0. 01). Taste and quality ratings of participants did not correlate with measured findings (amount of consumption) and thus are deemed to have no influence on how much popcorn was eaten. Recommendations: Although each randomized sample of subjects were comparable in age and gender the weighting of males and females within each sample is not even. Perhaps results would be different if the study was not top heavy with male participants. Also, we know the subjects were all between the ages of 18 and 66 with a median age of 28. 7 years; further studies incorporating different age groups, together with different gender groups would perhaps shed further light on the question. Reference Wansink, B. and Kim, J. (2005) Bad popcorn in big buckets: portion size can influence intake as much as taste, Journal of Nutrition, Education and Behavior, 37:242-245. How to cite Bad Popcorn In Big Buckets, Papers
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Patrick White - Down At The Dump Patrick White 'Down at the Dump' Patrick White, most noted for his longer works of fiction, exemplifies his craft of storytelling in his short story 'Down at the Dump'. White has dramatized an event in life, such as a funeral, and given us a very believable insight into our own culture. Some readers will take offence to such a raw and truthful portrait, while others will find humor and hope in the same story. White is a writer who crafts a story with such intensity, that at times it slaps you in the face with the truthful, dirty, honest depiction of his characters. All of whom we can see something, if not the smallest little detail of our selves in them. 'Down at the Dump' counterpoints two families, and their journeys on an afternoon. One of the families is off to the funeral of Mrs. Hogben's sister Daise. The other family the Whalley's, off to the Sarsaparilla dump, for busness and pleasure 'I thought the beer was an excuse for comin'.' (Isba pg.8) 'Down at the Dump' is also a modern day Australian Romeo & Juliet, the forbidden love between Lummy Whalley and Meg Hogben. Both it seems are destined for more then what is expected of them. The story is also a comment on the staid middle-class lifestyle, the petty bourgeois existence of the suburbs. The story is also a comment on the sexually non-conformist such as daise's character represents, more about this later. The story is also a comment on standards, principals, morality, values and judgmental and discriminatory behavior. White pays attention to the dirty, honest characteristics of human beings, Her eyes were that blazing blue, her skin that of a brown peach. But whenever she smiled, something would happen, her mouth opening on watery sockets and the jags of brown, rotting stumps. (pg.1) This serves to give the readers a deeper understanding of the characters right down to the bone. This typical descriptive passage is common in white's writing. It cuts to the core of the character, shedding light on a side rarely taken by an author. A gritty and honest sense of reality is achieved. Down at the Dump is a story revolving around binary oppositions, a set of contrasts. The two main families, 'The Hogben's and Whalley's' are the two main constructs of White's direct opposition. This opposition is nowhere more visible then in white's use of language when giving his characters a voice. Whites characters speak from the heart. Their own use of language reflects directly their class and education. For example - the Whalley's speak from the heart, with a distinctly working-class accent. Ere!?waddaya make me out ter be? A lump of wood. (Isba pg.1) We get a sense very early in the story, by the way the Whalley's speak, a direct reflection of their socio-economic background. White's use of language when describing the Whalley's is derogatory and intentionly off putting. This is contrasted in direct opposition to the Hogben's. Who are described through their slightly more capable use of the English language. This helps enforce them as being worth more in a snobby middle-class way. This direct opposition is again contrasted to another level. For although White uses harsh, dirty, honest language when describing the Whalley's, we cannot help but feel empathy with them for their honesty. The Whalley's seem truthfully real and direct people, yet crass and crude on the outside. This is the opposite for the Hogben's. The Hogben's use of speech is much more educated. Although they are described with nice, fluffy, sensitive language, I am filled with contempt for them. Meg being the exception she is one of white's poetic seers; someone who is destined for more. The domestic abodes of the two families are also a symbolic representative of their different socio-economic position and different way of life. Our story takes its journey to the funeral and the dump respectively where towards the end of the funeral serves daise rises from the grave to relinquish her thoughts and feelings. It is about here in the story that the passage I will be discussing indepth occurs. It is through Daise Morrow that Patrick white chooses to make social commentry through his authorial
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Causative Verbs in English for ESL Learners Causative verbs express an action which is caused to happen. In other words, when I have something done for me I cause it to happen. In other words, I do not actually do anything, but ask someone else to do it for me. This is the sense of causative verbs. Intermediate to advanced level English learners should study the causative verb as an alternative to the passive voice.Ã There are three causative verbs in English:Ã Make, HaveÃ andÃ Get. Causative Verbs Explained Causative verbs express the idea of someone causing something to take place. Causative verbs can be similar in meaning to passive verbs. Here are some examples for your comparison: My hair was cut. (passive)I had my hair cut. (causative) In this example, the meaning is the same. Because its difficult to cut your own hair, its understood that someone else cut your hair. The car was washed. (passive)I got the car washed. (causative) These two sentences have a slight difference in meaning. In the first, its possible that the speaker washed the car. In the second, its clear that the speaker paid someone to wash the car.Ã Generally speaking, the passive voice is used to place emphasis on the action taken. Causatives place the stress on the fact that someone causes something to happen. Causative Verb Examples Jack had his house painted brown and gray.The mother made her son do extra chores because of his behavior.Ã She had Tom write up a report for the end of the week. The first sentence is similar in meaning to:Ã Someone painted Jacks houseÃ ORÃ Jacks house was painted by someone.Ã The second sentence indicates that the mother caused the boy to take an action. In the third, someone told someone to do something. Makeas a Causative Verb Make as a causative verb expresses the idea that the person requires another person to do something. Subject Make Person Base Form of Verb Peter made her do her homework.The teacher made the students stay after class.The supervisor made the workers continue working in order to meet the deadline. Haveas a Causative Verb Have as a causative verb expresses the idea that the person wants something to be done for them. This causative verb is often used when speaking about various services. There are two forms of the causative verb have. Subject Have Person Base Form of Verb This form indicates that someone causes another person to take an action.Ã HaveÃ someone do somethingÃ is often used to management and work relationships.Ã They had John arrive early.She had her children cook dinner for her.I had Peter pick up the evening newspaper. Subject Have Object Past Participle This form is used with services that are commonly paid for such as car washing, house painting, dog grooming, etc.Ã I had my hair cut last Saturday.She had the car washed at the weekend.Mary had the dog groomed at the local pet store.Ã Note: This form is similar in meaning to the passive. Getas a Causative Verb Get is used as a causative verb in a similar way as have is used with the participle. This expresses the idea that the person wants something to be done for them. The causative verb is often used in a more idiomatic manner than have. Subject Get Person Past Participle They got their house painted last week.Tom got his car washed yesterday.Alison got the painting appraised by an art dealer.Ã This form is also used for difficult tasks we manage to complete. In this case, there is no causative meaning.Ã I got the report finished last night.Ã She finally got her taxes done yesterday.I got the lawn done before dinner.Ã Have done = Get Done Have doneÃ andÃ get doneÃ have the same meaning when used to refer to paid services in the past. I had my car washed. I got my car washed.Ã She had her carpet cleaned. She got her carpet cleaned.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Ghost Hunting is Pure Fiction It is interesting that in a time of increasing secularism and a renewed interest in rationality and skepticism, many people still believe in ghosts. Even many of the same people who dont believe in other supernatural entities maintain a belief in ghosts. Ghost hunting is still popular today, with realityÃ televisionÃ shows featuring ghost hunters and ghost hunting specialists that people can literally hire in order to inspect their own homes for ghosts. However, there is no evidence that ghosts even exist or that theÃ techniquesÃ of ghost hunters are more than pure fiction. The popularity of ghost hunting and the belief in ghosts is not evidence of anything other than the desire to believe in ghosts. The Lack of Evidence for Ghosts and Ghost Hunting One of the reasons why the belief in ghosts persists is that ghosts are often considered invisible. Invisible things are harder to disprove. Many of the superstitions that have lasted a long time are invisible. People can simply claim that the thing in question does exist and that people cant prove that it doesnt exist, thus hiding behind the problem of knowing. Its easier to make this argument with entities that are invisible, intangible, and otherwise nearly beyond detection. People end up with functionally no evidence for them or against them, and the believer can simply appeal to the problem of knowing and win the argument on a technicality. Ghosts Manifest as Electromagnetic Radiation Of course, ghost hunters supposedly say that they can locate ghosts, so they do believe that there is something that separates areas that have ghosts from areas that dont have ghosts. They believe that there is evidence for ghosts. However, the evidence that they do choose could very easily be explained by something else. They use devices all the time that supposedly can be used to pinpoint the location of a ghost. However, these devices are usually just detecting electromagnetic radiation. The electromagnetic radiation levels in a building can vary depending on surrounding or distant power sources and not just the ones that the ghost hunters have immediately identified. One of the biggest tricks of their trade is very easily debunked. You will definitely enjoy reading these articles: Is Science Atheistic? Ghostwriting Can Science Go Too Far? Education andÃ Pursuit of Right Wisdom Environmental Education and Green Citizenship Extraordinary Claims Require High Standards of Evidence The belief in ghosts is an extraordinary claim that requires equally extraordinary evidence. Ghost hunters have electromagnetic radiation and noises. The existence of ghosts would mean that it was possible for a human consciousness to exist outside of the brain. Scientists have a hard time even quantifying human consciousness, and all evidence suggests that it is a product of mental functioning. As such, it could not exist without brain matter. Electromagnetic radiation and noises are insufficient to explain something as unlikely as ghosts. Old houses are often structurally unsound and they will make funny noises. The human brain is primed to look for patterns. Patterns of noises can easily be imagined as being caused by ghosts in the minds of people who believe in ghosts. People who believe in ghosts will look for even the slightest evidence that ghosts exist in a bias known as confirmation bias. The belief in ghosts is popular because ghosts are defined in such a way that it is difficult to completely discredit their existence. The problem of knowing is an unsolved philosophical problem. However, in order to believe in ghosts or ghost hunting, people need to get some evidence that ghosts exist. The idea that it is possible for human consciousness to exist outside of the body seems to contradict all that is known about human neurology. Ghost hunters will use the noises and electromagnetic radiation in old houses to justify the existence of ghosts. However, finding out that ghosts exist would require scientists to revise their entire understanding of the human brain. Electromagnetic radiation and random noises are easily explained away. They cannot be used as evidence for anything other than the complicated nature of the environment that people are trying to understand.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Debt Cancellation and its impact on poverty in developing countries - PowerPoint Presentation Example The paper tells that debt relief or debt cancellation is partial or full forgiveness of debt from developed countries to developing or poorest countries. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development noted that debt service payments in hard currency in fact scarce domestic resources from major important investments such as in health and education and thus cause poverty as well. Debt relief is thus an integral part of the efforts taken by international community to reduce poverty worldwide. In 1996, World Bank and International Monetary Fund took initiative for Debt Relief whereby Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) will get faster, deeper and broader debt relief. This agreement was designed with a view to make these countries introduce measures to reduce poverty in these countries. By 2005, The Multilateral Debt Relief initiative was agreed to provide 100 percent cancellation of IMF, World Bank, African Development Bank and Inter American Development Bank for all those co untries that have completed HIPC initiative. The HIPC initiative has been aiming to provide debt relief to 40 most poorest countries, with a condition that all these countries must have high level of poverty and unmanageable levels of debt. In order for a country to be eligible for debt relief, it is required to demonstrate World Bank and IMF that it has plans to reduce poverty in the country. The HIP countries later have shown sincere commitment to put sound macroeconomic policies with a view to reduce poverty. ... 269). The HIP countries later have shown sincere commitment to put sound macroeconomic policies with a view to reduce poverty (IMF and World Bank, 2001). The main purpose of HIPC initiative and debt relief was poverty reduction, and this has been found to be highly effective for many countries. The debt relief or debt cancellation to poorest countries has been found to be an effective way to improve health and education in the country and thus to reduce poverty. Figure given below illustrates that spending on education and health as improved due to the HIPC debt relief. Lala, Ranganathan and Libresco (2006, p. 6) observed that debt relief was becoming an ongoing mechanism for resource transfer so that the country can free up resources for poverty reduction purposes. It is generally agreed that debt relief to poorest countries has caused improvements in health and education spending due to resources transfer and as a result poverty has been reduced in the poorest countries. But, it is also argued that it may not be the same in the case of developing countries. Cancellation of Developing CountriesÃ¢â¬â¢ debt and poverty problem It is argued that debt relief or debt cancellation owed by developing countries may result to reduce poverty since these countries will be able to adopt domestic policies and strengthen institutions to take advantages of global markets, which in turn help them increase the share of trade in their GDP. As these countries gain debt relief, they can participate in globalization by exporting to or importing from other countries and thus to be able to maintain favorable balance of payments. These countries also would